linux server

If the init is corrupted , you can still mount file systems to recover data that could be lost during a re-installation. To boot into emergency mode, use the same method as described for single-user mode, with one exception, replace the keyword single with the keyword “emergency”. Puppet is an open-source and enterprise application for configuration management toll in UNIX like operating system. Puppet is an IT automation software used to push configuration to its clients using code. Puppet code can do a variety of tasks from installing new software, to check file permissions, or updating user accounts and lots of other tasks. While ulimit is a linux built in command which provides control over the resources available to the shell and/or to processes started by it.

Allocating drives, striping, mirroring, and resizing logical volumes are all included. Increased abstraction, flexibility, and control are its key benefits. Resizing the file system’s size online is very necessary.

This means that anyone can access, use, and modify the source code for free, leading to a vast community of developers contributing to its development and improvement. Linux distributions, or “distros,” are created by different groups of developers and cater to different user needs and preferences. When it comes to Linux system basics, employers will want to know if you understand how the system works as a whole.

Here is the place where the concepts of Name based virtual hosting find its place. Virtual hosts are used to host multiple domains on a single apache instance. You can have one virtual host for each IP your server has, or the same IP but different ports, or the same IP, the same port but different host names. Adaptive Load Balancing is another name for Mode-6 (balance-alb).

It has its own application support and customized keyboards. You can edit Linux Kernel because it is released under General Public License and anyone can edit it. It comes under the category of free and open source software.

Question: What are some common mistakes to avoid during interview questions for Linux?

Some programs will work on one environment and not work on the other, so it could also be considered a factor in selecting which environment to use. Open source allows you to distribute your software, including source codes freely to anyone who is interested. People would then be able to add features and even debug and correct errors that are in the source code. They can even make it run better, and then redistribute these enhanced source code freely again.


The repquota command is used to get a report on the status of the quotas you have set including the amount of allocated space and amount of used space. The -r option tells the cp command to recurs the directories. Microprocessor contain ROM chip because it contain instructions to execute data.

Basic Linux Networking Interview Questions

The courses were great and I really enjoyed meeting the other students, exploring the ideas and getting to know the network culture. It was a time when I had to choose between joining a group of employees protesting some issues in the company, and staying away from the issue. I feel very confident of myself and my ability to delivery nothing short of quality output. My years of experience helped me develop these skills.

Files from the OS, files from programmes and services, and user files are all included in this. The other partition, which serves as RAM’s “extended memory,” is used as swap space. Did you know that over 90% of the fastest computers in the world run Linux? Linux is popular among techies and is quick and powerful. This is the best spot for you to practise for the interview if you want to become a Linux administrator.

  • Internal commands are stored in the; same level as the operating system while external commands are stored on the hard disk among the other utility programs.
  • There may be scenarios when a state of a partilcuar system is meaningful and the user wants all the other machines to be in that state.
  • While df is to show the file system usage, du is to report the file space usage.

Cron command is used to schedule the task daily at the same time repeatedly ,“at” command is used to schedule the task only once i.e. to run only one time. High-density n- type Complimentary Metal Oxide Silicon field effect transistor. ROM cannot be used as stack because it is not possible to write to ROM.

Question: What are some common interview questions for Linux?

The ‘ping’ command is used to test the connectivity between two devices on a network. It sends an ICMP echo request packet to the destination device and waits for a response. If the destination device responds, it indicates that there is connectivity between the two devices.

Finally, the last basic command is pwd, which stands for print working directory. This command prints out the absolute path of your current working directory. Swap space is the amount of hard-disk storage or physical memory. It is utilized when the system requires large memory space but the storage of the system is full. The swap space is provided for use by the Linux that allow running the programs temporarily.

command prompt

The procedure has been created and is prepared to start. Multiple programmes can work together or run simultaneously on a multiprogramming system. By default, your shell directs standard output to your screen or display. Here the file memo.ben will be restored from the tarfile MyBackup.tar.

Interview Tips

Puppet is primarily an IT automation software used to push configuration to its clients using code. Such that the puppet code can do a variety of tasks from installing new software, to check file permissions, or updating user accounts etc. In conclusion, we have discussed a variety of linux interview questions that are important for both freshers and professionals alike. Preparing for a Linux interview can be daunting, especially when you’re just starting out.

Once the program has finished running, the swap space is also no more. It is supported on almost every major computer platform, including x86, ARM, and SPARC, making it one of the most widely supported operating systems. On the current PC, when there are lots of the windows available and appears maximizing as well as minimizing the window their virtual desktop server as an option. The virtual desktop allows users to open more than one program without any error. This platform allows different users to use the same device like an application program, memory and hard disk with the various terminals for operation. There are two types of processes in Linux such as background processes and foreground processes.

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Hard links point directly to the physical file on disk, and not on the path name. This means that if you rename or move the original file, the link will not break, since the link is for the file itself, not the path where the file is located. In general, one desktop environment, like KDE or Gnome, is good enough to operate without issues. It’s all a matter of preference for the user, although the system allows switching from one environment to another.

Here you can find multiple-choice Computer Science questions and answers based on “Linux” for your placement interviews and competitive exams. Objective-type and true-or-false-type questions are given too. In these Linux interview questions you can say that Linux is an open-source operating system. An operating system is a software that directly manages a system’s hardware and resources, like CPU, storage, and memory. In addition, the interviewer will ask about your experience with administration and configuration tasks on Linux systems such as user management and security settings. They may even ask questions about scripting languages such as Bash or Python so brush up on your knowledge in this area before going into an interview.

Ansible can be secured by using encrypted communication, SSH keys, and configuring access control. You should bring a copy of your resume, a pen and paper, and any relevant certifications or references. You may also want to bring a laptop or tablet with any relevant files or work examples. We are conveniently located in several areas around Chennai and other parts of India. If you are staying or looking training in any of these areas, Please connect with our career advisors to discover your closest branch.

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If this is not possible, then the minimum size should be the same as the amount of memory installed. A swap space is a certain amount of space used by Linux to temporarily hold some programs that are running concurrently. This happens when RAM does not have enough memory to hold all programs that are executing.

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Nonvolatile Read Write Memory, also called Flash memory. 8 bit microprocessors are used in a variety of applications such as appliances automobiles ,industrial process and control applications. Two forms of security are Passwords and File Security with permissions specified. Online help provides information on each operating system command, the syntax, the options, the arguments with descriptive information. Non interactive mode is used to fetch information about the specified host or domain.

Also known as user file-creation mask, unmask is a Linux command that allows you to set up default permissions for new files and folders that you create. In Linux OS, unmask command is used to set up default file and folder permission. This empty directory name serves as the nameless base of the Linux file system. This serves as an attachment for all other directories, files, drives and devices.

  • The suitable size for a swap partition is twice the total amount of the present physical memory found over the system.
  • Restart the networking service to apply the changes using the service networking restart command.
  • Lastly, when requested to read a defined email message then, it will be downloaded from the server.

Entering a linux networking interview questions using uppercase letters, where it should be in lowercase, will produce different outputs. The pwd command is short for print working directory command. It’s counterpart in DOS is the cd command, and is used to display the current location in the directory tree.

It also allows you to redistribute copies of a software to other people, as well as freedom to improve software and have it released to the public. It was written by Steve Bourne as a replacement to the original Bourne Shell (represented by /bin/sh). It combines all the features from the original version of Bourne Shell, plus additional functions to make it easier and more convenient to use.

Processes may also need to access the devices attached to the system. What tools can be used to check bandwidth usage between 2 servers/devices. The ‘nslookup’ command is used to query the DNS servers to resolve a hostname to an IP address.